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MCP7940M 데이터시트 PDF : 부품 기능 및 핀배열

부품번호 MCP7940M
기능 Real-Time Clock/Calendar
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MCP7940M 데이터시트 및 MCP7940M PDF

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MCP7940M pdf, 반도체, 판매, 대치품
MCP7940M
TABLE 1-2: AC CHARACTERISTICS
AC CHARACTERISTICS
Electrical Characteristics:
Industrial (I):
VCC = +1.8V to 5.5V
TA = -40°C to +85°C
Param.
No.
Symbol
Characteristic
Min.
Typ. Max. Units
Conditions
1
FCLK
Clock frequency
— — 100 kHz 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
— — 400
2.5V VCC 5.5V
2 THIGH Clock high time
4000
600
— — ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
——
2.5V VCC 5.5V
3 TLOW Clock low time
4700
1300
— — ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
——
2.5V VCC 5.5V
4 TR SDA and SCL rise time
(Note 1)
— — 1000 ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
— — 300
2.5V VCC 5.5V
5 TF SDA and SCL fall time
(Note 1)
— — 1000 ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
— — 300
2.5V VCC 5.5V
6 THD:STA Start condition hold time
4000
600
— — ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
——
2.5V VCC 5.5V
7 TSU:STA Start condition setup time
4700
600
— — ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
——
2.5V VCC 5.5V
8 THD:DAT Data input hold time
0 — — ns (Note 2)
9 TSU:DAT Data input setup time
250 — — ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
100 — —
2.5V VCC 5.5V
10 TSU:STO Stop condition setup time
4000
600
— — ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
——
2.5V VCC 5.5V
11 TAA Output valid from clock
— — 3500 ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
— — 900
2.5V VCC 5.5V
12 TBUF Bus free time: Time the bus 4700
must be free before a new
1300
transmission can start
— — ns 1.8V VCC < 2.5V
——
2.5V VCC 5.5V
13 TSP
Input filter spike suppression
(SDA and SCL pins)
— 50 ns (Note 1)
14 FOSC Oscillator frequency
32.768 —
kHz —
15
TOSF
Oscillator timeout period
1 — — ms (Note 1)
Note 1: Not 100% tested.
2: As a transmitter, the device must provide an internal minimum delay time to bridge the undefined region
(minimum 300 ns) of the falling edge of SCL to avoid unintended generation of Start or Stop conditions.
DS20002292B-page 4
2012-2014 Microchip Technology Inc.

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MCP7940M 전자부품, 판매, 대치품
MCP7940M
3.0 I2C BUS CHARACTERISTICS
3.1 I2C Interface
The MCP7940M supports a bidirectional 2-wire bus
and data transmission protocol. A device that sends
data onto the bus is defined as transmitter, and a
device receiving data as receiver. The bus has to be
controlled by a master device which generates the Start
and Stop conditions, while the MCP7940M works as
slave. Both master and slave can operate as
transmitter or receiver but the master device
determines which mode is activated.
3.1.1 BUS CHARACTERISTICS
The following bus protocol has been defined:
• Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus
is not busy.
• During data transfer, the data line must remain
stable whenever the clock line is high. Changes in
the data line while the clock line is high will be
interpreted as a Start or Stop condition.
Accordingly, the following bus conditions have been
defined (Figure 3-1).
3.1.1.1 Bus Not Busy (A)
Both data and clock lines remain high.
3.1.1.2 Start Data Transfer (B)
A high-to-low transition of the SDA line while the clock
(SCL) is high determines a Start condition. All
commands must be preceded by a Start condition.
3.1.1.3 Stop Data Transfer (C)
A low-to-high transition of the SDA line while the clock
(SCL) is high determines a Stop condition. All
operations must end with a Stop condition.
3.1.1.4 Data Valid (D)
The state of the data line represents valid data when,
after a Start condition, the data line is stable for the
duration of the high period of the clock signal.
The data on the line must be changed during the low
period of the clock signal. There is one bit of data per
clock pulse.
Each data transfer is initiated with a Start condition and
terminated with a Stop condition. The number of the
data bytes transferred between the Start and Stop
conditions is determined by the master device.
3.1.1.5 Acknowledge
Each receiving device, when addressed, is obliged to
generate an Acknowledge signal after the reception of
each byte. The master device must generate an extra
clock pulse which is associated with this Acknowledge
bit.
A device that acknowledges must pull down the SDA
line during the Acknowledge clock pulse in such a way
that the SDA line is stable-low during the high period of
the Acknowledge-related clock pulse. Of course, setup
and hold times must be taken into account. During
reads, a master must signal an end of data to the slave
by NOT generating an Acknowledge bit on the last byte
that has been clocked out of the slave. In this case, the
slave (MCP7940M) will leave the data line high to
enable the master to generate the Stop condition.
FIGURE 3-1:
DATA TRANSFER SEQUENCE ON THE SERIAL BUS
(A) (B) (D) (D)
SCL
(C) (A)
SDA
Start
Condition
Address or
Acknowledge
Valid
Data
Allowed
to Change
Stop
Condition
2012-2014 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS20002292B-page 7

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